Lycium barbarum (Goji) is a Solanaceous defoliated shrubbery that is widely distributed in arid and semi-arid regions of Northwestern China, Southeastern Europe and the Mediterranean areas. As a functional food it has antioxidant and free radical scavenging activity and has recently been the focus of many scientific studies. This book provides up-to-date information on such areas as chemical, biochemical botanic properties, bioactive components and health benefits, postharvest storage technology, processing technology development, utilization of Lycium barbarumby-products, medicated foods, functional foods of Lycium barbarum berries as well as food safety issues.
PART I: Chemical, Biochemical and Botanic Properties of Lycium Barbarum (Goji) Berries, and Production in the World. Lycium Barbarum (Goji) Berries in Ningxia: History, Production, Composition and Health Effects and as Traditional Medical Foods. Variation in Fruit Sugar Composition of Lycium Barbarum (Goji) of Different Regions and Varieties. Lycium Barbarum Berry (Goji) Studies: Molecular Biology, Phytochemistry and Pharmacology. Lycium Barbarum (Goji) Berry Fruits: Antioxidant Compound Fingerprint and Bioactivity Evaluation. Botanical Characteristics, Phytochemistry, Clinical Relevance in Efficacy and Safety of Lycium Barbarum Berries (Goji). Phytochemical Analysis and Antioxidant Activity of Lycium Barbarum (Goji) Cultivated in Greece. Bioactive Compounds and Antioxidant Properties of Goji Fruits (Lycium Barbarum) Cultivated in Serbia. Lycium Barbarum Polysaccharides: Extraction, Purification, Structural Characterisation and Evidence about Hypoglycaemic and Hypolipidaemic Effects. Protective Effect Of Lycium Barbarum on Doxorubicin-Induced Cardiotoxicity. Lycium Barbarum (Goji) Juice Improves in Vivo Antioxidant Biomarkers in Serum of Healthy Adults. PART II: Bioactive Components and Health Benefits. Polyphenols from Lycium Barbarum (Goji) and their Bioactivities. Biological Activities and Potential Health Benefit Effects of Polysaccharides Isolated from Lycium Barbarum. Effect of the Lycium Barbarum Polysaccharides Administration on Blood Lipid Metabolism and Oxidative Stress of Mice Fed High-Fat Diet in Vivo. Hypoglycemic and Hypolipidemic Effects and Antioxidant Activity of Fruit Extracts from Lycium Barbarum. Lycium Barbarum Glycoconjugates: Effect on Human Skin and Cultured Dermal Fibroblasts. Lycium Barbarum Polysaccharides Regulate Phenotypic and Functional Maturation of Murine Dendritic Cells. The Pharmacological Activities and Possible Molecular Targets of Lycium Barbarum Polysaccharides. Lycium Barbarum Polysaccharide Inhibits the Proliferation of Hela Cells by Inducing Apoptosis. Effect of Lycium Barbarum Berries (Goji) on Expression of Genes Related to Cell Survival. Effects of Lycium Barbarum Polysaccharides Against Cadmium Induced Damage in Testis. Ultrastructural Deposition Forms and Bioaccessibility of Carotenoids and Carotenoid Esters from Lycium Barbarum Berries (Goji). Isolation of Carotenoids, Flavonoids and Polysaccharides from Lycium Barbarum L. and Evaluation of Antioxidant Activity. Polyphenols from Lycium Barbarum(Goji) and their Bioactivities. Three New Dimers and Two Monomers of Phenolic Amides from the Fruits of Lycium Barbarum Berries and their Antioxidant Activities. Comparative Studies on Phenolic Profiles, Antioxidant Capacities and Carotenoid Contents of Red Goji Berry (Lycium Barbarum) and Black Goji Berry (Lycium Ruthenicum). PART III: Postharvest Storage Technology. Treatments with High CO2 and Low O2 Concentrations on Quality of Fresh Lycium Barbarum (Goji) Berries During Cold Storage. Effects of Postharvest Application of Lecithin to Improve Storage Potential and Quality of Fresh Lycium Barbarum (Goji) Berries. PART IV: Innovative Processing Technology Development. Effects of Superfine Grinding on Physicochemical and Antioxidant Properties of Lycium Barbarum Polysaccharides. Effect of Drying Methods on Physicochemical Properties and Antioxidant Activities of Lycium Barbarum Berries (Goji) Polysaccharide. Application of Osmotic Dehydration to Improve the Quality of Dried Goji Berry. Far-Infrared Radiation Heating Assisted Pulsed-Vacuum Drying (FIR-PVD) of Lycium Barbarum Berries (Goji). Effect of a Physical Pre-Treatment and Drying on Carotenoids of Lycium Barbarum (Goji) Berries. Chemical Properties and Bioactivities of Lycium Barbarum(Goji) Polysaccharides Extracted by Different Methods. Ultrasound-Enhanced Subcritical Water Extraction of Polysaccharides from Lycium Barbarum. Supercritical CO2 Anti-Solvent Purification of Anti-Oxidative Compounds from Lycium Barbarum Berries. Microwave-Assisted Extraction in Lycium Barbarum Berries: Effect on Composition and Bioactivity, Evaluated through Conventional and Nonconventional Methodologies. Lycium Barbarum Polysaccharides: Extraction, Purification, Structural Characterisation and Evidence about Hypoglycaemic and Hypolipidaemic Effects. Ultrasound-Enhanced Subcritical Water Extraction of Polysaccharides from Lycium Barbarum. PART V: Utilization of Lycium Barbarum(Goji) By-Products. Isolation, Structural Characterization, and Antioxidativity of Polysaccharide LBLP5-A from Lycium Barbarum Leaves. Functional Constituents of Wild and Cultivated Goji (L. Barbarum L.) Leaves: Phytochemical Characterization, Biological Profile, and Computational Studies. Chemical Composition of Lycium Barbarum Berry Oil Obtained by Supercritical CO2 Extraction and Evaluation of its Antioxidant Activity, Cytotoxicity and Cell Absorption. Polysaccharides from Lycium Barbarum Leaves: Isolation, Characterization and Splenocyte Proliferation Activity. PART VI: Medicated Foods, Functional Foods of Lycium Barbarum (Goji) Berries. Collections of Traditional Chinese Medicated Foods. PART VII: Food Safety of Lycium Barbarum (Goji) Berry Products. Lycium Barbarum (Goji) Berries: Phytochemistry, Pharmacology and Safety in the Perspective of Traditional Uses and Recent Popularity. Recently Introduced Foods as New Allergenic Sources: Sensitisation to Lycium Barbarum Berries (Goji).