1st Edition

Analysis of Food Spices Identification and Authentication

Edited By Leo M.L. Nollet, Javed Ahmad, Javed Ahamad Copyright 2024
    335 Pages 2 Color & 41 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    335 Pages 2 Color & 41 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Spices are obtained from natural sources, especially from plants, and are used in cooking food in whole or grounded forms mainly for imparting flavor, aroma, and piquancy. Besides their role in improving food quality, spices also have health benefits that are anticancer, antidiabetic, antimicrobial, antioxidant, hypolipidemic, analgesic, immunostimulant, and more.

    Spices are generally marketed in powder form, and their supply chain is very long and complicated, which is why they are particularly susceptible to adulteration at many points. The spice supply chain is considered to be moderately vulnerable and has an ineffective quality detection system in its final product, which is the main risk factor. There are many types of fraud nowadays related to spices such as adulteration, falsification, substitution, and inaccurate labeling.

    Analysis of Food Spices: Identification and Authentication provides an overview of spices of different categories, such as terpenes and terpenoids, oleoresins, alkaloids, and polyphenolics and flavonoids, as well as qualitative and quantitative guidelines for ensuring their quality and safety using modern analytical tools and techniques. The first section of the book discusses the overview, sources, and health benefits of important categories of spices such as terpenes and terpenoids (cardamom, cinnamon, clove, coriander, cumin, fennel), oleoresins (capsicum, ginger, nutmeg), alkaloids (black pepper, fenugreek), and polyphenolics and flavonoids (basil, turmeric, olive, saffron). In the second section, qualitative diagnostic features of spices are covered. In the third section, the roles of quantitative analytical techniques, such as HPLC, LC-MS, HPTLC, GC, and GC-MS, capillary electrophoresis (CE), and other recent techniques in the analysis of food spices, are also discussed. Each chapter concludes with a general reference section, which is a bibliographic guide to more advanced texts.

    Key Features

    • Provides a detailed overview of different food spices of plant origin, and discusses their health benefits and uses of different analytical techniques in its quality control
    • Explains how qualitative diagnostic features of food spices are utilized as quality control tools
    • Describes applicability of analytical techniques like HPLC, LC-MS, GC-MS, HPTLC, and CE for quality control of food spices
    • Emphasizes use of recent techniques such as proteomics, biosensors, and more in the analysis/quality control of food spices

    This book will provide important guidelines for controlling quality, safety, and efficacy issues related to food spices.

    Series Preface


    About the Editors

    Chapter 1 Food Spices: An Overview
    Javed Ahamad, Javed Ahmad, Leo M.L. Nollet

    Chapter 2 Terpenes and terpenoids containing food spices
    Leo M.L. Nollet

    SECTION I: Introduction, Sources and Health Benefits of Food Spices

    Chapter 3 Oleoresins containing Food spices
    Subasini Uthirapathy, Javed Ahamad, Mohd Javed Naim

    Chapter 4 Occurrence and Risk Assessment of Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids in Spices and Culinary Herbs from Various Geographical Origins
    Florian Kaltner, Michael Rychlik, Manfred Gareis, and Christoph Gottschalk

    Chapter 5 Polyphenols and Flavonoids Containing Food Spices
    Michael Amoafo Mensah

    SECTION II: Qualitative Diagnostic Features of Food Spices

    Chapter 6 Qualitative diagnostic features of terpenes and terpenoids containing food spices
    Javed Ahamad, Kamran J. Naquvi, Subasini Uthirapathy, Mohd Javed Naim, Kavita Munjal, Showkat R. Mir

    Chapter 7 Qualitative diagnostic features of oleoresins containing food spices

    Adil Ahamad, Kamran J. Naquvi, Afrin Salma, Javed Ahamad, Mohd Javed Naim

    Chapter 8 Qualitative diagnostic features of Alkaloidal spices
    Kavita Munjal, Vinod Kumar Gautam, Yash Goel, Javed Ahamad, Showkat R. Mir

    Chapter 9 Qualitative diagnostic features of polyphenols and flavonoids containing food spices
    Kamran Javed Naquvi, Adil Ahamad, Afrin Salma, Esra Tariq, Javed Ahamad

    SECTION III: Authentication and Quantitative Analysis of Food Spices

    Chapter 10 HPLC analysis of food spices
    Mohd. Javed Naim, Javed Ahamad, Subasini Uthirapathy, Adil Ahamad, Kamran J. Naquvi

    Chapter 11 LC-MS and LC-MS/MS analysis of food spices
    Deepthi Eswar

    Chapter 12 GC and GC-MS analysis of food spices
    Deepthi Eswar

    Priyanka Soni, Vishal Soni, Shivanee Vyas, Vaishali Raghuwanshi, Rakhi Khabiya

    Chapter 14 Capillary Electrophoresis
    Hasan Ali, Faraat Ali, Md Akbar, Kumari Neha, Neelam Singh, Neeraj Kant Sharma

    Chapter 15 The Application of NMR Spectroscopy and Chemometrics in Authentication of Spices
    Barbara Pacholczyk-Sienicka, Grzegorz Ciepielowski, and Łukasz Albrecht

    Chapter 16 Non-destructive Testing Methods of Spices
    Leo M.L. Nollet



    Leo M. L. Nollet earned an MS (1973) and PhD (1978) in biology from the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium. He is an editor and associate editor of numerous books. He edited for M. Dekker, New York—now CRC Press of Taylor & Francis Publishing Group—the first, second, and third editions of Food Analysis by HPLC and Handbook of Food Analysis.

    Dr. Javed Ahmad (ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7025-751X) is an assistant professor at the Department of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmacy, Najran University, Saudi Arabia. He received his doctorate degree in pharmaceutical sciences (Pharmaceutics) from the School of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India. His current research interest lies in formulation design and characterization of pharmaceuticals/nutraceuticals/cosmeceuticals to improve efficacy and performance.

    Dr. Javed Ahamad is Assistant Professor Pharmacognosy at the Faculty of Pharmacy, Tishk International University, Erbil, Iraq. He earned his M.Sc. in 2009 and his Ph.D. (Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry) in 2015 at Jamia Hamdard University, New Dehli, India. His research interests are study of phytomedicine and its role in healthcare; isolation and characterization of natural products by modern analytical tools like UV, FTIR, NMR and Mass spectroscopy; development and validation of analytical methods (HPLC/HPTLC); characterization of volatile oils by GC and GC-MS; standardization of Herbal formulations and plant drugs and pharmacological screening of natural products.