Extremism and Democracy

Series Editors: Roger Eatwell, Matthew J Goodwin

This new series encompasses academic studies within the broad fields of 'extremism' and 'democracy'. These topics have traditionally been considered largely in isolation by academics. A key focus of the series, therefore, is the (inter-) relation between extremism and democracy. Works will seek to answer questions such as to what extent extremist groups pose a major threat to democratic parties, or how can democracy respond to extremism without undermining its own democratic credentials?


This new series encompasses academic studies within the broad fields of 'extremism' and 'democracy'. These topics have traditionally been considered largely in isolation by academics. A key focus of the series, therefore, is the (inter-) relation between extremism and democracy. Works will seek to answer questions such as to what extent extremist groups pose a major threat to democratic parties, or how can democracy respond to extremism without undermining its own democratic credentials? The books encompass two strands:

Routledge Studies in Extremism and Democracy includes books with an introductory and broad focus which are aimed at students and teachers. These books will be available in hardback and paperback.

Routledge Research in Extremism and Democracy offers a forum for innovative new research intended for a more specialist readership. These books will be available in hardback only.

  • Where the Extremes Meet

    Collaboration Between Islamist Networks And Western Left- And Right-Wing Extremists

    By Jeffrey Bale

    Most studies that deal with contemporary terrorism are based on the comforting assumption that different types of violent extremists and terrorists operate within discrete ideological and cultural milieus that are relatively insular, if not entirely distinct from one another. Hence virtually every…

    Paperback – 2016-06-29 
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • ETA's Terror and Nationalist Politics in the Basque Homeland

    From Bullets to Ballots

    Edited by Diego Muro, Rafael Leonisio, Fernando Molina

    This book is an analysis of the rise and decline of the Basque terrorist group Euzkadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA, Basque Homeland and Freedom). ETA declared a unilateral ceasefire in November 2011, bringing to a close a campaign of political violence that started in the late 1960s. Contrary to the copious…

    Hardback – 2016-06-29 
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Understanding the Populist Shift

    Othering in a Europe in Crisis

    Edited by Gabriella Lazaridis, Giovanna Campani

    The results of last European Elections of 2014 seem to have confirmed the planned rise of labeled "populist" parties across EU. The leading place in Denmark of Dansk Folskeparti, in Slovenia of Slovenska demokratska stranka or Front National in France, the Golden Dawn in Greece, the high scores of…

    Hardback – 2016-06-29 
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • The Peroxide Populist

    The Rise of Geert Wilders in the Netherlands

    By Koen Vossen

    The book discusses the Party for Freedom (PVV), a political party in the Netherlands, founded and led by Geert Wilders. Attaining between 10 and 18% of the votes, the PVV has become one of the largest parties in the Netherlands. Between 2010 and 2012 the party supported a minority coalition of…

    Hardback – 2016-06-14 
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • When Does Terrorism Work?

    Edited by Diego Muro

    From ISIS to Canada or France, terrorism continues to dominate headlines and international politics. But far more has been written about the definition and causes of terrorism than about its effectiveness as a method of bringing about political change. Debates about the effectiveness of terrorist…

    Hardback – 2016-06-14 
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Radical Right in Western-Europe

    Up to the Mainstream?

    Edited by Tjitski Akkerman, Sarah de Lange, Matthijs Rooduijn

    This edited volume examines the emergence of radical right populist parties in Western Europe over the past three decades. The adaptation of an anti-immigration master-frame and electoral successes opened up an escape from the political margins for radical right parties in the 1990s and their…

    Paperback – 2016-01-29 
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • The Politics of Conspiracy

    Conspiracy Theories About Major Acts Of Terrorism, From The 1993 World Trade Center Bombing To The 2011 Norway Bombings

    By Jeffrey Bale

    While conspiracy theories are now a major part of popular culture and propagated worldwide on the Internet, there are surprisingly few serious academic studies of the politics of conspiracy theory. Focusing on the conspiracy thinking surrounding a number of key terrorist incidents, this is a major…

    Paperback – 2015-12-31 
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • The Making of Anti-Muslim Protest

    Grassroots Activism in the English Defence League

    By Joel Busher

    Activism in any social movement group is, as Deborah Gould observes, a project of collective ‘world-making’. It is about changing the world out there by influencing policy and public opinion, but is also about the way it transforms the lives of participants – activists generate new identities,…

    Hardback – 2015-11-18 
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    Extremism and Democracy

  • Radical Religion & Violence

    Theory & Case Studies

    By Jeffrey Kaplan

    Jeffrey Kaplan has been one of the most influential scholars of new religious movements, extremism and terrorism. His pioneering use of interpretive fieldwork among radical and violent subcultures opened up new fields of scholarship and vastly increased our understanding of the beliefs and…

    Hardback – 2015-11-17 
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    Extremism and Democracy

  • Ideocracies in Comparison

    Legitimation – Cooptation – Repression

    Edited by Uwe Backes, Steffen Kailitz

    Ideocracies, or ideological dictatorships, such as the "Third Reich", the Soviet Union and the People’s Republic of China have, much more than any other kinds of autocracy, characterized the history of the 20th century. Despite their undeniable loss of significance, ideocracies have not disappeared…

    Hardback – 2015-11-03 
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Radical Right Parties in Central and Eastern Europe

    Mainstream Party Competition and Electoral Fortune

    By Bartek Pytlas

    In Central and Eastern Europe, radical right actors significantly impact public debates and mainstream policy agenda. But despite this high discursive influence, the electoral fortune of radical right parties in the region is much less stable. It has been suggested that this may be due to the fact…

    Hardback – 2015-10-20 
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Evolution of the Far Right

    From Fascism to Radical Right Populism

    By Roger Eatwell

    Written by a leading expert, this book is the definitive guide to the evolution of the far right - in all its guises - from the end of World War 2 onwards. Beginning with several chapters outlining the key components of Italian Fascism, German Nazism and the historical movements inspired by them,…

    Paperback – 2015-09-14 
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • The Populist Radical Right in Central and Eastern Europe

    Ideology, impact, and electoral performance

    By Andrea Pirro

    Often neglected in the study of far right organisations, post-communist Europe recently witnessed the rise and fall of a number of populist radical right parties. The Populist Radical Right in Central and Eastern Europe is the first comparative study to focus on the ideology, impact, and electoral…

    Hardback – 2015-06-23
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Class Politics and the Radical Right

    Edited by Jens Rydgren

    One of the most significant events in European politics the past two decades is the emergence of radical right-wing parties, mobilizing against immigration and multiethnic societies. Such parties have established themselves in a large number of countries, often with voter shares exceeding ten and…

    Paperback – 2015-04-26
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    Extremism and Democracy

  • Extreme Right in Australia

    Immunisation or Contamination

    By Aurelien Mondon, Andy Fleming

    This book provides a comprehensive history of the Australian extreme right as well as an analysis of the pattern this country followed in the creation and shaping of this political group, compared to that of other western countries. While it will offer a chronological account of its various…

    Hardback – 2015-03-29
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • The Politicisation of Migration

    Edited by Wouter van der Brug, Gianni D'Amato, Didier Ruedin, Joost Berkhout

    Why are migration policies sometimes heavily contested and high on the political agenda? And why do they, at other moments and in other countries, hardly lead to much public debate? The entrance and settlement of migrants in Western Europe has prompted various political reactions. In some countries…

    Paperback – 2015-03-26
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Transforming the Transformation?

    The East European Radical Right in the Political Process

    By Michael Minkenberg

    Transforming the transformation? The East European Radical Right in the Political Process examines the significance of radical right parties, along with other organizations, in terms of their involvement in the political process of new democracies. This groundbreaking study highlights firstly the…

    Hardback – 2015-03-12
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Populists in Power

    By Daniele Albertazzi, Duncan McDonnell

    The main area of sustained populist growth in recent decades has been Western Europe, where populist parties have not only endured longer than expected, but have increasingly begun to enter government. Focusing on three high-profile cases in Italy and Switzerland – the Popolo della Libertà (PDL),…

    Hardback – 2015-02-16
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Politics of National Identity in Italy

    Immigration and 'Italianità'

    By Eva Garau

    This book focuses on the politics of national identity in Italy. Only a unified country for just over 150 years, Italian national identity is perhaps more contingent than longer established nations such as France or the UK.   The book investigates when, how and why the…

    Hardback – 2015-01-05
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Catholicism and Nationalism

    Changing Nature of Party Politics

    By Madalena Meyer Resende

    This book addresses the adaptation of nationalism to the sharing of sovereignty with other nations in supranational arrangements beyond the state or with nations and nationalities within the state. It compares two cases, Poland and Spain, where the outcome of this processes of transformation…

    Hardback – 2014-10-12
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    Extremism and Democracy

  • Extreme Right Parties in Scandinavia

    By Anders Widfeldt

    This book provides an up-to-date account of extreme right parties in Denmark, Norway and Sweden. It seeks to explain why these parties have grown in support, and in Denmark and Norway reached positions of direct political influence. Following an analytical framework, in which explanatory factors…

    Hardback – 2014-08-14
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Populism in Western Europe

    Comparing Belgium, Germany and The Netherlands

    By Teun Pauwels

    Despite the increasing academic interest in populism, we still lack understanding of individual factors contributing to populist voting. One of the main reasons for this is that populism is almost always attached to other ideologies which makes it difficult to isolate factors. This book draws on…

    Hardback – 2014-08-10
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    Extremism and Democracy

  • Revolt on the Right

    Explaining Support for the Radical Right in Britain

    By Robert Ford, Matthew J Goodwin

    Winner of the Political Book of the Year Award 2015 The UK Independence Party (UKIP) is the most significant new party in British politics for a generation. In recent years UKIP and their charismatic leader Nigel Farage have captivated British politics, media and voters. Yet both the party and the…

    Paperback – 2014-03-17
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Democratic Extremism in Theory and Practice

    All Power to the People

    By Paul Lucardie

    Democracy and extremism are usually considered as opposites. We assume that our system (in the UK, the USA, the Netherlands etc.) is democratic, and extremists try to destroy our system and introduce some kind of dictatorship, if not chaos and anarchy. Yet in many cases, the extremists seem…

    Hardback – 2013-11-20
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Radical Left Parties in Europe

    By Luke March

    What has happened to the European radical left after the collapse of the USSR? How has it reacted, reformed, even revived? This new volume is one of the first to provide an overview of the main developments in contemporary European radical left parties (those defining themselves as to the left of,…

    Paperback – 2013-10-06
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Counterterrorism in Turkey

    Policy Choices and Policy Effects toward the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK)

    By Mustafa Cosar Unal

    Counterterrorism in Turkey comprehensively analyses Turkey’s counterterrorism policies in the context of the PKK (Kurdistan Workers’ Party), an ethnicity-based guerrilla insurgency group employing terrorism. Contrary to most of the counterterrorism studies that focused on single aspect of the…

    Paperback – 2013-09-22
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    Extremism and Democracy

  • Impact of Extreme Right Parties on Immigration Policy

    Comparing Britain, France and Italy

    By Joao Carvalho

    Drawing on a mixed research methodology with a strong qualitative character, this book traces the political impact of the British National Party in the UK, the Front National in France and the Lega Nord in Italy by exploring their contagion effects on immigration politics and policy in particular…

    Hardback – 2013-09-09
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Social and Political Thought of Julius Evola

    By Paul Furlong

    Julius Evola’s writing covered a vast range of subjects, from a distinctive and categorical ideological outlook and has been extremely influential on a significant number of extreme right thinkers, activists and organisations. This book is the first full length study in English to present his…

    Paperback – 2013-08-05
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    Extremism and Democracy

  • Politics of Eugenics

    Productionism, Population, and National Welfare

    By Alberto Spektorowski, Liza Ireni-Saban

    This book analyzes whether the "new debate on genetics" owes a debt to eugenic practices by welfare democracies of 1930s and 1940s. More specifically, the question is whether precisely the same "eugenic rationale" used in the 1930s is philosophical akin to a new rationality unfolding in some…

    Hardback – 2013-07-24
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    Extremism and Democracy

  • Ending Terrorism in Italy

    By Anna Cento Bull, Philip Cooke

    Ending Terrorism in Italy analyses processes of disengagement from terrorism, as well as the connected issues of reconciliation, truth and justice. It examines in a critical and original way how terrorism came to an end in Italy (Part I), and the legacy it has left behind (Part II). The book…

    Hardback – 2013-05-23
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    Extremism and Democracy

  • Right-Wing Radicalism Today

    Perspectives from Europe and the US

    Edited by Sabine von Mering, Timothy Wyman McCarty

    This book highlights recent developments in the radical right providing comparative analysis of current extremist activity in Eastern and Western Europe and the United States. It reveals the growing amount of connections and continuities of rightwing movements and ideologies across national borders…

    Paperback – 2013-05-23
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    Extremism and Democracy

  • Rethinking the French New Right

    Alternatives to Modernity

    By Tamir Bar-On

    This book focuses on the philosophy, politics and impact of the 'New Right' which originated in France and has since influenced activism, ideology and policy in a number of European countries. This book explores the idea that revolutionaries do not necessarily need to come from the left, nor…

    Hardback – 2013-04-08
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Varieties of Right-Wing Extremism in Europe

    Edited by Andrea Mammone, Emmanuel Godin, Brian Jenkins

    Beginning with an analysis of the complex relationship between fascism and the post-war extreme right, the book discusses both contemporary parties and the cultural and intellectual influences of the European New Right as well as patterns of socialization and mobilization. It then analyses the…

    Paperback – 2012-12-10
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    Extremism and Democracy

  • Mapping the Extreme Right in Contemporary Europe

    From Local to Transnational

    Edited by Andrea Mammone, Emmanuel Godin, Brian Jenkins

    In recent years the revival of the far right and anti-Semitic, racist and fascist organizations has posed a significant threat throughout Europe. Mapping the Extreme Right in Contemporary Europe provides a broad geographical overview of the dominant strands within the contemporary radical right in…

    Paperback – 2012-05-09
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Uncivil Society?

    Contentious Politics in Post-Communist Europe

    Edited by Petr Kopecky, Cas Mudde

    This volume makes a significant contribution to the debate about the development of post-communist civil society by focusing on its alleged 'dark side', i.e., on the groups that are excluded from 'civil society' on both conceptual and normative grounds. The chapters, written by specialists in the…

    Paperback – 2012-04-15
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    Extremism and Democracy

  • Confronting Right Wing Extremism and Terrorism in the USA

    By George Michael

    This book examines the response to right-wing extremism in the US from both the government and non-governmental organisations. It provides a detailed portrait of the contemporary extreme right in the US including interviews with several of the movement's leading figures from groups such as the Ku…

    Paperback – 2012-03-28
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • The Populist Radical Right in Poland

    The Patriots

    By Rafal Pankowski

    In this important and accessible study, Rafal Pankowski makes sense of the rapid growth of organized radical nationalism on the political level in Poland by showing its origins, its internal dynamics and the historical, political, social and cultural context that has made it possible. From…

    Paperback – 2011-09-15
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    Extremism and Democracy

  • Political Extremes

    A conceptual history from antiquity to the present

    By Uwe Backes

    The Western tradition of the constitutional state, with its ancient roots, defines political extremes as the epitome of that what must be absolutely rejected. It highlights tyranny, despotism, despotic rule, non-autonomy, ruthless enforcing of interests as ‘extreme’, contrasting this to a virtuous…

    Paperback – 2011-09-14
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    Extremism and Democracy

  • The End of Terrorism?

    By Leonard Weinberg

    This book considers not the beginning or origins of terrorism but how groups that use terrorism end. Terrorism as a tactic is unlikely to disappear, however virtually all the groups that employed terrorist violence during the 1960s and 1970s have passed from the scene in one way or another.…

    Paperback – 2011-08-17
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    Extremism and Democracy

  • New British Fascism

    Rise of the British National Party

    By Matthew J Goodwin

    The British National Party (BNP) is the most successful far right party in British political history. Based on unprecedented access to the party and its members, this book examines the rise of the BNP and explains what drives some citizens to support far right politics. It is essential reading for…

    Paperback – 2011-04-27
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Re-inventing the Italian Right

    Territorial politics, populism and 'post-fascism'

    By Stefano Fella, Carlo Ruzza

    Following his third election victory in 2008, the Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi was the most controversial head of government in the EU. This is a cogent examination of the Berlusconi phenomenon, exploring the success and development of the new populist right-wing coalition in Italy…

    Paperback – 2011-03-23
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    Extremism and Democracy

  • The New Extremism in 21st Century Britain

    Edited by Roger Eatwell, Matthew J Goodwin

    Since the 1990s, there has been a growing concern about the resurgence of extremist and radical movements in the Western world. Although a variety of challenges to the liberal democratic order have emerged, the main focus of concern among academics, policy-makers and practitioners within Europe and…

    Paperback – 2010-02-21
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    Extremism and Democracy

  • Ecological Politics and Democratic Theory

    The Challenge to the Deliberative Ideal

    By Mathew Humphrey

    This volume examines the reasons why some despair at the prospects for an ecological form of democracy, and challenges the recent ‘deliberative turn’ in environmental political thought. Deliberative democracy has become popular for those seeking a reconciliation of these two forms of politics.…

    Paperback – 2009-05-20
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    Extremism and Democracy

  • Anti-Political Establishment Parties

    A Comparative Analysis

    By Amir Abedi

    Recent electoral success of the Freedom Party in Austria, List Pim Fortuyn in The Netherlands, the People's Party in Denmark and the National Front in France have demonstrated the appeal of parties that challenge the political establishment. This book seeks to explain why these parties have…

    Paperback – 2009-05-05
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Western Democracies and the New Extreme Right Challenge

    Edited by Roger Eatwell, Cas Mudde

    By the turn of the 1990s, Western democracy appeared destined to become the universal governmental norm. However, as we move into the new millennium there are growing signs that extremism is far from dead. In recent years, the extreme right has gathered notable support in many Western countries,…

    Paperback – 2009-05-05
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Extreme Right Activists in Europe

    Through the magnifying glass

    By Bert Klandermans, Nonna Mayer

    Since the 1980s, one of the main political changes in Western Europe has been the electoral upsurge of extreme right-wing parties. However, while the electoral support of these movements has been studied extensively, their membership has largely been ignored. This book examines who joins the…

    Paperback – 2009-01-31
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    Extremism and Democracy

  • Political Parties and Terrorist Groups

    By Leonard Weinberg, Ami Pedahzur, Arie Perliger

    This book is the definitive guide to the topical issue of the relationship between political parties that embrace the democratic process and terrorist groups which eschew the legal and procedural strictures of democracy. The fully revised edition continues to provide the most detailed theoretical…

    Paperback – 2008-11-03
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    Extremism and Democracy

  • American Extremism

    History, Politics and the Militia Movement

    By Darren Mulloy

    American Extremism explains how at the heart of the politics practiced by the militia movement is an attempt to define the nature of 'Americanism', and shows how militia members employ the myths, metaphors and perceived historical lessons of the American Revolution, the constitutional settlement…

    Paperback – 2008-06-30
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    Extremism and Democracy

  • The Scope of Tolerance

    Studies on the Costs of Free Expression and Freedom of the Press

    By Raphael Cohen-Almagor

    One of the dangers in any political system is that the principles that underlie and characterize it may, through their application, bring about its destruction. Liberal democracy is no exception. Moreover, because democracy is relatively a young phenomenon, it lacks experience in dealing with…

    Paperback – 2005-10-19
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    Extremism and Democracy

  • Racist Extremism in Central & Eastern Europe

    By Cas Mudde

    This handbook on racist extremism in Central and Eastern Europe is the result of a unique collaborative research project of experts from the ten new and future post-communist EU member states. All chapters are written to a common framework, making it easier to compare individual countries and…

    Paperback – 2004-12-22
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    Extremism and Democracy